India Lifts 271 Million People out of Poverty in 10 Years: UN ReportHot Buzz

July 13, 2019 13:11
India Lifts 271 Million People out of Poverty in 10 Years: UN Report

The Indian government over the last ten years has put special focus on lifting millions out of the property and to give them access to basic human rights like shelter, clean water, nutritional food, and education.

India has registered the quickest reduction in Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI) among ten countries with Jharkhand, one of the poorest regions in the world, showing swift improvement than ever, according to the report released by the United Nations.

The global report for the period 2005-06 and 2015-16 reveals that India lifted 271 million people out of impoverishment, marking cut downs in ten indicators, cooking fuel, consolidated under assets, sanitation, and nutrition.

In the 101 countries where the study was performed, 1.3 billion people are “multidimensionally poor”, meaning the definition of poverty does not solely include the economics or income but other factors such as poor quality of work, poor health, and the threat of violence.

The report identifies 10 countries, with a combined population of about 2 billion, have illustrated a reduction in poverty.

The 10 countries are India, Cambodia, Bangladesh, Vietnam, Haiti, Ethiopia, Democratic Republic of Congo, Peru, Nigeria, and Pakistan.

"This progress was largely driven by South Asia. In India, there were 271 million fewer people in poverty in 2016 than in 2006, while in Bangladesh the number dipped by 19 million between 2004 and 2014,” said the report.

India's MPI value reduced from 0.283 in 2005-06 to 0.123 in 2015-2016.

The report cites Jharkhand, which reduced multidimensional poverty from 74.9 percent to 46.5 percent in the ten years since 2005-06, improving the best, followed by Rattanak Kiri in Cambodia.

Jharkhand, Bihar, and Madhya Pradesh have the worst MPI value.

India was among the top three countries where poverty reduction in rural areas outpaced that in urban areas. The report cited this as an indicator of pro-poor development.

“Traditionally disadvantaged subgroups such as those living in rural India, Muslims, the Scheduled Castes and Tribes, and young children are still the poorest in India,” a UNDP official told Indian Express.iving in multidimensional poverty stood at about 640 million people (55.1 percent) and this reduced to 369 million people (27.9 percent) living in poorness in 2015-16.

According to the report, children experience poverty to an extreme degree than adults and are more probable to be deprived of all the 10 MPI indicators, lacking essentials such as clean water, sanitation, education, and basic nutrition.

By Sowmya Sangam

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poverty  India  United Nations